What Are the 5 Elements of Nature (PanchaMahabhuta)?

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the 5 elements of nature - Panchamahabhuta

We do yoga to strengthen our body and we do meditation for peace of mind. But do we know about the important elements from which our body is made? In Hindu mythology, it is called “panchamahabhuta“.

The panchamahabhuta are the five elements of nature. According to Hindu mythology, every human body essentially are made from five elements which are Earth (Bhumi), Water (Jala), Fire (Agni), Air (Vayu) and Space (Aakash). Hindus believe that, upon death; all these 5 elements of human body are dissolved to respective element of nature, so that it can balance the cycle of nature.

Each of these five elements has its own functions and characteristic described below:

Earth (Bhumi):-
The first element of panchamahabhuta is “Earth” which is translated at Bhumi in Sanskrit. This element is perceived by five senses that are Hearing, Smell, Taste, Touch and Sight. The physical body with muscles and bones refers to Earth.

Water (Jala):-
The second most important element is “water”, jala in Sanskrit. This element has no odor (smell) but can be heard, felt, seen and tasted. In human body, blood and other fluid are refer to Water.

Fire (Agni):-
The next higher element in human body is “fire”, agni in Sanskrit. In human body the temperature, jatharagni are refers the fire. It can be heard, felt and seen.

Air (Pavan):-
The fourth element of panchmahabhuta is “air”, pavan in Sanskrit.  Air can be felt and heard only; one cannot see the air. In human body, the oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body refers to Air. It is considered as one of the most important factor in Pranayama.

Sky (Aakash):-
The fifth and last element of panchmahabhuta is “space” which is translated in Sanskrit at aakash. Space is the medium of sound but is inaccessible to all other senses. And as in human body the Athma (Soul) refers to Space.

The combination of these 5 elements makes our body and will dissolve into respective element upon death.

Do you have more information to add in this article? Please share here in comments to make it more informative.


24 thoughts on “What Are the 5 Elements of Nature (PanchaMahabhuta)?

  1. The 5 elements of nature are core of human existence and you have cited them very briefly in this article. I tried to get answer of this question since long “What are the 5 elements of nature?” and just now i got the one !

    Thank you very much !

    1. we know what these five elements are. Please explain their further division into twenty-five. I would love to learn that.

    1. Dear Ravi,
      Thank you very much for your feedback about our article on 5 elements of nature. It really means a lot for us.
      Do you practice yoga?

  2. the cosmos is like tree and which sustains the trees is water or simply called hydrogen. the water can be called a water or simpy avtahar. the water is called hydra or indra, so all forms and avathars are indra.because it is water which sustaieens the tree.also tree can be called three or trimurthy. . they are also indras onlyso indra is god of gods and lords of lords.

  3. Satishbhattdharampur@gmail.com Bhatt Satishbhattdharampur@gmail, Dr.Rukti and Niyanta


    Very basic and primary information.as par Ayurved more details r required

    1. Thank you very Mr.Satish for your input about our article on 5 elements of nature. I am completely agree with you that the article is containing primary information. I will really appreciate if you can share some detailed information in this regards.

      Thank you,

  4. umang varshney


    But practically no sound travels in outer space. So how can Akasha be medium of sound??? (even though the other four elements are fine)
    Please reply……..

    1. Umang , sound does exist in the form of electromagnetic vibrations that pulsate in similar wavelengths.

      What NASA did was design special instruments that could record these electromagnetic vibrations, and transferred them into sounds that our ears could hear. What you’re about hear is actual sound in space, nothing has been added. It’s a beautiful, yet haunting sound that even Hans Zimmer would approve of.

    2. But is is according to mythology
      So anything may/can be possible in myths
      It is already written there at the beginning..
      If you think its correct ,then please reply..

  5. Hi, is it possible for you to explain how can we improve our health knowing these five elements and how can we apply this in our daily lives? Thank you

    1. Nader, its very simple, as u know about the basic five elements of our body . So. U have to maintain these elemental level at an equilibrium with respect to nature. For e.g. While doing yoga u can maintain the air pressure with in your body , sound is something eternal which gives a joy and makes your mind at the level where u feel pleasure, then comes water which is important to take and maintains various metabolic activities in the body , then comes fire which gives heat and light and is a all about “endothermic and exothermic” so take sun bath while yoga.

  6. Thanks for imformation.i want more details.for donating part of bodies on that i write arit.for that

  7. The panchtattvas form the whole universe, infact everything you see around is made up of there five elements. They play a very important role in our mental, physical and spiritual well being. We can connect to the tattvas and balance them by practices of Tattva Shakti Vigyaan.

    1. Thank you very much Sanjana for sharing your valuable knowledge about PanchMahabhuta. We are pleased to learn your view on balancing these 5 elements of nature. Would you mind sharing more information about Tattva Shakti Vigyaa?

  8. Hi, is it possible for you to explain how can we improve our health knowing these five elements and how can we apply this in our daily lives? Thank you

  9. Out of five elements of our body,four are easily understandable but one called space/Akash isn’t very clear to anybody.I think out of millions,one may have some knowledge of it.Truely speaking no body has knowledge of this fifth element called space/Akash except the True Master.True Masters are not many in the world but rarely one or two at a time in the whole world.Pay attention what I said,space is known to man who go within his own body and crosses at least three mentions.Thank you.Nand Arora Ludhina

    1. Thank you very much for sharing your experience about elements of nature. Do you know any master who knows about this 5th element of nature? Would love to learn from your experience.

  10. I do agree with Mr. Nand Arora. Perfect masters are very few. One of them is head of Radha Soami Satsang Beas, near Amritsar (India)

  11. Nice article for anyone new to know these 5 elements! Before The Lord (The Ultimate Pure Loving Light) created the Earth, the Universe was created and assigned to the Guardian Sri Aakasha to ensure cosmis clock of the all the planets are according to the Record (Destiny) set by the The Lord. After that the Earth was created along with four other elements. Thus, Sri Aakasha synchronize the planetary and earth move to everyone’s wonder. Therefore, Sri Aakasha plays the astrological effects on the earth in macrocosmic and microrocosmic level. I hope those who are not clear of of Aakasha element will understand it now. Your humbly! Om Sri Adi Parashakti Namaha.

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